Guidance Class
             Welcome to Guidance! 

As the School Psychologist at Centre Hall and Miles Township Elementary schools, one of my most exciting roles includes teaching guidance to all 2nd, 3rd, and 4th grade students! Guidance classes focus on the promotion of Social and Emotional Learning (SEL) through lessons created to help students develop skills related to the five SEL core competencies: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship skills, and responsible decision making. 

Students will learn about these core competencies and bullying prevention through fun and interactive class activities, projects, large group and small group discussion, games, videos, role-playing, song, stories, and much more!


What is SEL?
According to the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL), SEL is "the process through which children and adults acquire and effectively apply the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions." 

How does SEL relate to bullying prevention?
Research suggests that when children develop SEL skills they are better able to empathize with others, manage conflicts, and stand up for themselves and others. Additionally, "SEL programming can be an effective way to reduce the likelihood of bullying because it promotes skills, behaviors, attitudes, and environmental factors that are incompatible with bullying and other forms of negative peer interactions." - CASEL

How does SEL relate to academic achievement?
Research indicates that students who received quality SEL instruction demonstrated better academic performance than students who did not receive SEL instruction. Additionally, "Our emotions and relationships affect how and what we learn and how we use what we learn in work, family, and community contexts. On the one hand, emotions can enable us to generate an active interest in learning and sustain our engagement in it. On the other hand, unmanaged stress and poor regulation of impulses interfere with attention and memory and contribute to behaviors disruptive to learning. Moreover, learning is an intrinsically social and interactive process: it takes place in collaboration with one’s teachers, in the company of one’s peers, and with the support of one’s family. Hence, the abilities to recognize and manage emotions and establish and maintain positive relationships impact both preparation for learning and the ability to benefit from learning opportunities." - CASEL

*Would you like to learn more about the five social and emotional core competencies? Descriptions of each can be found on CASEL's Website.

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